B.M.E.,University of Kansas, 1980; B.H.S., M.Ed., Ph.D., University of Florida, 1988, 2002, 2006


Dr. Carol Isaac is an assistant professor of research in the Department of Educational Leadership. Prior to joining Mercer University, she spent one year as a visiting scholar at the School of Human Development and Organizational Studies in Education at the University of Florida, and has studied at the Center for Women’s Health Research at the University of Wisconsin as a research associate and post-doctoral trainee. Dr. Isaac has previously worked at the North Florida Regional Medical Center for ten years. Dr. Isaac also currently serves as a researcher for Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science at the University of Florida.


Leadership and gender in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and medicine (STEMM), qualitative research methodology, mixed method designs and conceptualizing quantitative results using qualitative methods, and examining the role implicit bias plays in the career advancement of women in academic STEMM.


Isaac, C. Behar-Horenstein, L. Lee, B. & Catalanotto, F. (2013). Impact of Interviews on Students' Expressions of Cultural Competency. Journal of Dental Education (In press).

Isaac, C. & Griffin*, L. Women chairs in academic medicine: Engendering strategic intuition. Journal of Health
Organization and Management (In press).
Carnes, M., Devine, P.G., Baier Manwell, L., Byars-Winston, A., Fine, E., Ford, C.E., Forscher, P., Isaac, C., Kaatz, A., Magua, W., Palta, M, Sheridan, J. (2014). Effect of an intervention to break the gender bias habit: A cluster randomized,  controlled trial. Academic Medicine (In press).
Kolehmainen*, C., Brennan*, M., Filut, A., Isaac, C., Carnes, M. Physician traits that influence leadership in cardiopulmonary resuscitation events. Academic Medicine (in press).

Isaac, C., Petrashek, K., Steiner, M., Manwell, L. B., Byars-Winston, A., & Carnes, M. (2013). Male spouses of
women physicians: Communication, compromise, and carving out time. Qualitative Report, 18(52), 1-12.
Brennan*, M., Barocas, J., Kolehmainen*, C., Crnich, C., Isaac, C., & Sosman, J. (2013). Barriers
and facilitators of universal HIV screening among internal medicine residents. Wisconsin Medical
Journal 112(5), 19-25.

Isaac, C., Carnes, M., Kaatz*, A., McSorley*, R., Schultz*, R. & Byers-Winston.A. (2013). Qualitative study of
career choices in academic medicine [Online]. Advances in Health Science Education 18(2).

Isaac, C. Lee, B. Kaatz*, A., & Carnes, M. (2012). An educational intervention designed to increase women’s
Leadership self-efficacy? CBE-Life Sciences Education, 11(3), 307-322.
Carnes, M., Devine, P., Isaac, C., Ford, C.,Baier-Manwell, L., Byars-Winston, A. Fine, E., & Sheridan, J.
Promoting institutional change through bias literacy. (2012). Journal of Diversity in Higher Education,
5(2), 63-77. 

Isaac, C. Kaatz*, A., Carnes, M. (2012). Deconstructing the glass ceiling. Sociology Mind, 2(1), 80-86.

Isaac, C. & Koro-Ljungberg, M. (2011) Double gestures and practices: Conducting qualitative research in a
biomedical context. International review of Qualitative Research,4(3) 239-252.

Isaac, C., Behar-Horenstein, L, Davis, C. Graff, R. (2011) Hospital safety: Paradigms in hierarchy and passivity.
Journal of Communication in Healthcare. 4(2) 118-125.

Isaac, C.  (2011). A poetic representation: Women in medicine are “able to.” Qualitative Inquiry, 17(5), 447-451.

Isaac, C., Lee, B., & Carnes, M. (2011). A Linguistic Analysis of Medical Student Performance
Evaluations, Academic Medicine, 86(1), 59-66.

Isaac, C. (2011).  Women leaders: The social world of healthcare. Journal of Health Organization and
Management, 25(2), 159-175.

Isaac, C., Griffin*, L., & Carnes, M. (2010). A qualitative study of faculty members' views of women chairs. Journal of Women’s Health, 19(3), 533-546.

Isaac, C., Lee, B., & Carnes, M. (2009). Interventions That Affect Gender Bias in Hiring: A Systematic Review. Academic Medicine, 84(10), 1440-1446.

Isaac, C. (2009). Book Review: Breaking into the All-Male Club: Female Professors of Educational
Administration [Electronic Version]. Teachers College Record.

Isaac, C., Behar-Horenstein, L. S., & Koro-Ljungberg, M. (2009). Women deans: Leadership becoming. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 12(2), 135-153.

Isaac, C. & Franceschi*, A. (2008).  Evidence to practice & practice to evidence: An exploration of
the circular in evidence-based medicine.  Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.14, 656-659.

Isaac, C. (2007).  By their own hand: Irreconcilable silence. Qualitative Inquiry. 13(8), 1209-1220.

Isaac, C. (April, 2007). Women deans: Patterns of power. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Isaac, C. & Behar-Horenstein, L. (2006).  Motivation strategies.  In S. Feinstein (Ed.) The Praeger
handbook of learning and the brain. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. 
Behar-Horenstein, L., Isaac, C., Seabert, D. & Davis, C. (2006) Classroom instruction and the loss of
instructional time: A case study. Education & Society. 24(3), 83-99.
Adams, E., Mueller, B. & Isaac, C. (1996). Work assessment.  In J. Van Deusen & D. Brunt (Eds.),
            Assessment in occupational and physical therapy (pp. 477-520).  Philadelphia, PA: W.B.