Profile

Education

B.S., M.S., Iowa State University, 1963, 1965; Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley, 1971.

Biography

Dr. Joseph Balloun is professor of education at the Tift College of Education.  He has done consulting work in several capacities for about ten years in personnel selection, program evaluation and software development.  He has published extensively on social science research methods, statistical techniques, personnel management and developing information systems in such journals as the Journal of Business Research, Educational and Psychological Measurement, The British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, Information Resources Management Journal, International Journal of Information Management, SAM Advanced Management Journal, and Project Management Journal.

Teaching

Social science research methods and statistical methodology.

Publications

Oumlil, A. B. & Balloun, J. L. (2014). Ethical and moral philosophies of business: North Africa versus North America.  In S. Nwanko & K. Ubeh (2014). The Routledge companion to business in Africa. (252-258). New York, NY:  Routledge.

Randolph, J. J., DeWeese, S. V., Manuel, A. K., Baugher, G. A., Tessmer, K. A., Westbrook, A. F., Shoats, S. M. L., Balloun, J., & Crawford, L. (in press). Page length and methodological characteristics of recently published doctoral dissertations. Georgia Educational Researcher. Accepted July 24, 2014.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J., Weinstein, A. (2014). Congruence of Management and Organizational Styles with Environmental Dynamics: Does Fit Still Matter? Western Journal of Human Resource Management, winter, 54-82.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. and Weinstein (2004a) Market orientation: a comparison of the business
and nonprofit sectors, Paper Presented to The Atlantic Marketing Conference, Chattanooga, TN, 7–9 October.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. and Weinstein, A. (2004b) Success factors for 21st century organizations: A
multi-sector, multiple respondents approach. International  Journal of Business Disciplines, 15 (2), 79–88.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. and Weinstein, A. (2005a) Success factors for organizational performance:
Comparing business services, health care, and education. SAM Advanced Management
Journal, 70 (4),16–28.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. and Weinstein, A. (2005b) The impact of creativity on performance of
Nonprofits. International Journal of  Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 10 ( November), 213–223.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. and Weinstein, A. (2009) How variation in management perceptions affects
organizational performance. Quality and Quantity, 43(3), 451–461.

Balloun, J., Barrett, H., & Weinstein, A. (2011). One is not enough. The Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 10 (1), 287-299.

Weinstein, A., Britt, M., Balloun, J. L., & Haan, P. (2010). How arrogant are sales and marketing professionals? Perceptions of business students. Journal of Applied Marketing Theory, 1(1), 82-97.

Oumlil, A. B., & Balloun, J. L. (2009). Ethical decision-making differences between American and Moroccan managers.  Journal of Business Ethics, 84 (4), 457-478.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. L., & Weinstein, A. (2009). How variation in management perceptions affects organizational performance.Quality and Quantity, 43 (3), 451-461.

Balloun, J. L. & Barrett, H. (2007).  From information lost to knowledge gained: The benefits of analyzing all the research evidence.  Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 6 (2), 537–543.

Wiedenhaefer, R. M., Dastoor, B. R., Balloun, J. L. & Sosa-Fey, J. (2007). Ethno-psychological characteristics and terror-producing countries: Linking uncertainty avoidance to terrorist acts in the 1970s. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 30 (9), 801-823.

Sosa-Fey, J., Dastoor, B. R., Balloun, J., Urdadeta, I., & Suwannachin, K. (2006).  Work-related cultural values: The U. S. and Thailand. International Journal of Business and Public Administration,3 (1), 116-126.

Barrett, H., Weinstein, A. & Balloun, J. L. (2005).  The impact of creativity on performance in nonprofits.  International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 10 (4), 213-223.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. L. & Weinstein, A. (2005).  Success factors for organizational performance: Comparing business services, healthcare, and education.  SAM Advanced Management Journal, 70 (4), 16-28.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. L. & Weinstein, A. (2004).  Success factors for 21st century organizations: A multi-sector, multiple respondents approach.  The International Journal of Business, 15 (2), 79-88.

Barrett, H., Weinstein, A. & Balloun, J. L. (2004). The factors that matter – how to increase your bank’s performance.  Carolina Banker, 83 (3).

Jiang, J. J., Klein, G., & Balloun, J. L. (2001).  The joint impact of internal and external career anchors on entry-level career satisfaction.  Information & Management, 39 (1), 31-39.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J. L., & Weinstein, A. (2000).  A multistage, multivariate analysis of marketing mix factors as moderators of the corporate entrepreneurship – business performance relationship.  Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 8 (2), 50-62.

Klein, G., Jiang, J. J., Balloun, J. L., & Crampton, S. (1999).  System analysts' orientations and perceptions of system failure. Information and Software Technology, 41, 101-106.

Klein, G., Jiang, J. J., Shelor, R., & Balloun, J. L. (1999).  Skill Coverage in project teams. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 40 (1), 69-75.

Jiang, J. J., Klein, G., & Balloun, J. L. (1998). Information systems management issues: Controlling proliferation. Review of Accounting Information Systems, 1 (2), 53-62.

Jiang, J. J., Klein, G., & Balloun, J. L. (1998).  Systems analysts' attitudes toward information systems development. Information Resources Management Journal, 11 (4), 5-10.

Klein, G., Jiang, J. J., & Balloun, J. L. (1998).  Perceptions of system development failures.  Information and Software Technology, 39 (14-15), 933-937.
Oumlil, A. B., & Balloun, J. L. (1998).  Levels of aggregation: A conceptual model.  Quality and Quantity, 32 (2), 109-117.

Balloun, J. L. & Klein, G. (1997).  A difference which makes a difference.  Quality & Quantity, 31 (3), 317-324.

Soper, B., Von Bergen, C. W., & Balloun, J. L. (1997).  Communicating across cultures.  Management in Practice, 1 (1), 1-3.

Jiang, J. J., Klein, G., Motwani, J., & Balloun, J. L. (1997).  An investigation of marketing managers' dissatisfaction with marketing information systems. International Journal of Information Management, 17 (2), 115-121.

Klein, G., Jiang, J. J., & Balloun, J. L. (1997).  Information system evaluation by system typology. Journal of Systems and Software, 37 (3), 181-186.

Von Bergen, C. W., Soper, B., Balloun, J. L., Crawford, K. U., Samie-Khalajabadi, S., & Rosenthal, G. T. (1996).  Self-esteem and self-concept confusion. College Student Journal, 30 (4), 418-424.

Jiang, J. J., Klein, G. & Balloun, J. L. (1996).  Ranking of system implementation success factors, Project Management Journal, 27(4), 49-53.

Mitchell, D. L., Klein, G. & Balloun, J. L. (1996).  Mode and gender effects on survey data quality. Information & Management, 30, 27-34.

Jiang, J. J., Klein, G. & Balloun, J. L. (1995). The diverse career orientations of MIS personnel. Computer Personnel, 19 (4), October.

Balloun, J. L., Stebbins, L. H., & Von Bergen, C. W. (1994).  The emerging need for transformational leadership in health information management. Topics in Health Information Management, 15 (3), 39-46.

Balloun, J. L. & Oumlil, A. B.  (1994).  Some simple structure significance tests for exploratory component analysis with market survey data. Quality and Quantity, 28, 371-381.

Balloun, J. L. & Ward, K. (1993).  Promoting an EAP, The EAP Digest, 13(5), 37-39, 56.

Robideaux, D. R., Jurkus, A. F., & Balloun, J. L. (1991).  Increasing the response rates of mail questionnaires. Lander College Business Review, 5(2), 16-19.

Norton, S. D., Balloun, J. L., Dunne, E. J., & Thornton, H. E. (1991).  Validity and cost-benefit analysis of a rating system used for promotion. Journal of Applied Business Research, 8 (1), 103-109.

Oumlil, A. B. & Balloun, J. L. (1990).  An alternative approach to developing multiple regression models for marketing survey research. Journal of the Market Research Society, 32(4), 521-535.

Balloun, J. L. & Oumlil, A. B. (1990).  Program CORFREE: A program for Freeman's family of ordinal correlation coefficients.Educational and Psychological Measurement, 50, 135-141.

Balloun, J. L. & Oumlil, A. B. (1988).  Abstract #2896: Salespeople selection and recruitment policies: A bibliographical survey.Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 18 (2), 67-68.

Balloun, J. L. & Oumlil, A. B. (1988).  Comparing the results of non-metric multidimensional scaling and principal components analysis. Journal of Business Research, 17(1), 5-14.

Oumlil, A. B. & Balloun, J. L. (1988).  A suggested conceptual approach to deal with the missing data issue. Marketing News.

Balloun, J. L. & Oumlil, A. B. (1987).  An exploratory comparison of non-metric multidimensional scaling and principal components results for the same data. Developments in Marketing Science, 10, 483-487.

Balloun, J. L., Dunne, E. J., Thornton, H. E., Norton, S. D., & Konstantinovich, B. (1986).  Implementing a Promotion Appraisal System (PAS): The Case of the High Technology Company. Dover, Mass.: Lord Publishing, 1986, Case number OB-0586.

Balloun, J. L. (1986).  An exercise in discrimination in testing: The Eskimo intelligence test. In George S. Stevens (Ed.).  A Case Book in Personnel and Human Resource Management. Plano, Texas: Business Publications. (4th edition), 275-276.

Graham, W. K. & Balloun, J. L. (1972).  Tests of Maslow's needs hierarchy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 13, 97-108.  (Reprinted in I. Saito (Ed.) The Significant Experiments in Social Psychology, 1986, Tokyo, Japan: Seishin Shobo, Ltd., Publishers.  Dr. Saito was at Risshou University in Tokyo at the time of the publication of the book.)

Oumlil, A. B., & Balloun, J. L. (1986).  Improving the accuracy of measurement of attitudinal and demographic models: The application of the correction for attenuation method. Journal of Business Research, 14(4), 355-369.

Oumlil, A. B. & Balloun, J. L. (1986).  the interaction between consumers' sentiments and adaptive shopping behavior: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Midwest Marketing, 1(1), 151-160.

Balloun, J. L., & Oumlil, A. B. (1986).  Jackknife: A general purpose program for multivariate jackknife analyses. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 18(1), 47-49.

Balloun, J. L., & Oumlil, A. B. (1986).  A program for Intermax rotation in orthogonal factor analysis. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 18(3), 331-336.

Lord, R. G., Jones, A., Dickinson, T. L., Ledvinka, J. & Balloun, J. L. (1986).  Research funding in industrial organizational psychology. The Industrial Psychologist, 24(2), 61-67.

Balloun, J. L. & Oumlil, A. B. (1986).  A comparison of metric and non-metric methods for multidimensional analysis of marketing survey statements: Does the method really matter?  Developments in Marketing Science, 9, 412-415.

Oumlil, A. B. & Balloun, J. L. (1985).  Relationship of perceived economic fluctuations to consumer adaptive shopping behavior: an exploratory study. Developments in Marketing Science, 8, 31-35.

Norton, S. D., Balloun, J. L. & Konstantinovich, B. (1980).  The soundness of supervisory ratings as predictors of managerial success. Personnel Psychology, 33, 377-388. (Reprinted in C. Hegel, & L. Stessom (Eds.)  The Encyclopedia of Executive Appraisal, 1983.)

Ward, F. D. & Balloun, J. L. (1979).  Estimation of distance and preferred state theory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 49, 375-382.

Balloun, J. L., Norton, S. D. & Konstantinovich, B. (1979).  A critical review of issues in promotion appraisal systems for high technology organizations. Journal Supplement Abstract Service of Selected Documents in Psychology, 9, 1979.

Page, R. A., & Balloun, J. L. (1978).  The effects of voice volume on perceptions of personality. Journal of Social Psychology, 105,65-72.

Balloun, J. L. & Kearns, J. (1975).  An approach to orthogonal simple structure solution by maximizing test-factor interaction among squared factor loadings. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 28, 63-70.
Graham, W. K. & Balloun, J. L. (1972).  Tests of Maslow's needs hierarchy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 13, 97-108.

Brock, T. C. & Balloun, J. L. (1967).  Behavioral receptivity to dissonant information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 6, 413-418.


Refereed Paper Presentations:

Haan, P., Weinstein, A., Britt, M., & Balloun, J. L. (2009).  Business Students’ Perceptions of Arrogance in Sales and Marketing. Association of Marketing Theory and Practice. National meeting, March 26-28, The Jekyll Island Club, Jekyll Island, Georgia.

Wang, Hwei Cheng & Balloun, Joseph (2008).  International Diversification, Industrial Diversification and CEO Compensation.  American Accounting Association 2008 Southeast Region Meeting.  April 3-5, 2008, Birmingham, Alabama.
Barrett, Hilton, Balloun, Joseph & Weinstein, Art (2006). One is Not Enough: The Need for Multiple Respondents in Survey Research of Organizations.  2006 Proceedings of the Society for Marketing Advances:  Nashville, TN. November 1-4, 2006. 

Dastoor, Barbara, Sosa-Fey, Josephine & Wiedenhaufer, Robert (2006).  Cultural Factors and Terrorism: An Exploration Based on Hofstede's 1980 Data.  The International Academy of Business and Public Administrative Disciplines:  Orlando, FL. January 4, 2006.

Sosa-Fey, J., Dastoor, B. R.,  Balloun, J.,  Urdadeta, I.,  & Suwannachin, K. (2005). Work-Related Cultural Values: U.S. and Thailand. The International Academy of Business and Public Administration Disciplines: Dallas, TX, May 21, 2005.

Preziosi, Robert, Gooden, Doreen & Balloun, Joseph L. (2005).  Differences in Leadership Energizing Behaviors among Four Generations of Professionals and Managers in the US and Jamaica. Proceedings of the International Business and Economic Research Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, October 3-7, 2005.

Sosa-Fey, Josephine, Dastoor, Barbara, Balloun, Joseph L., Urdaneta, Iberia & Suwannachin, Kittiphat (2005).  Work-Related Cultural Values: U.S. and Thailand.  Presented at the International Academy of Business and Public Administration Disciplines (IABPAD) Conference, Dallas, Texas, May 23-26, 2005.

Barrett, H., Balloun, J., Weinstein A. (2005). Success Factors for Organizational Performance: Comparing Business Services, Healthcare, and Education.  Presented at the  Society for Advancement of Management, April 4, 2005. Las Vegas, NV.

Barrett, H., Weinstein, A. & Balloun, J. L. (2004). Market Orientation: A Comparison of the Business and Nonprofit Sectors.  2004 Atlantic Marketing Conference.  Presented      October 8, 2004.  Chattanooga, TN.

Barrett, H., Weinstein, A. & Balloun, J. L. (2003). Success Factors for Entrepreneurial Organizations. AMA Symposium on Entrepreneurial Marketing.  Chicago, August 15, 2003.

Yatrakis, P., Simon, H. K., & Balloun, J. L. (2003).  Predicting the Downfall of the Dirty Dozen: A Comparison of Analyst and Message Board Ratings for Twelve Troubled Stocks.  FMA European Conference, Dublin, Ireland, June 4 - 6.

Dastoor, B., Sunghawan, J., Park, J., & Balloun, J. (2001).  Cultural shifts in ten Asia-pacific and Asian countries: 1980-2000. Presented at the Academy of International Business – Southeast (USA).  New Orleans, November 8-9, 2001.

Morritt, R., & Balloun, J.L. (2001).  Marketing theory and models: Constructing a theory based dissertation.  Proceedings of the International
Society For Intercommunication of New Ideas (ISINI).
Sixth International Congress.
Miami, Florida at Florida International University. 
August 15-18, 2001.

Barnes, B. Preziosi, R. & Balloun, J. L. (1999). Measuring Learning Outcomes for Graduate Programs.  Presented at the Institute of Behavioral and Applied Management, Nov. 4-6, 1999.

Barrett, H., Weinstein, A. & Balloun, J. L. (1999). Promotion, Product Quality, and Pricing as Moderators of the Corporate Entrepreneurship – Business Performance Relationship: A Multistage, Multivariate Analysis, University of Illinois-Chicago - American Marketing Association Research Symposium, August 1, 1999, San Francisco.

Barrett, H., Weinstein, A. & Balloun, J. L. (1999).  Moderation in Organizational Strategy, Marketing Techniques and Organizational Performance, UIC-AMA Symposium on Entrepreneurial Marketing, San Francisco, August 1.

Shelor, R., Dickens, R., Klein, G. & Balloun, J. L. (1996).  Bankrupt Ratios, Presented at the Southwestern Finance Association meeting, March 6-9, 1996 in San Antonio, Texas.

Barnett, T. R., Balloun, J. L. & Lanier, P. (1994).  The Importance of Work Outcomes based on Number of Hours Worked Among University Students Who work, Presented to the HRM/Labor Issues Track of the 1994 Southwest Academy of Management.

Balloun, J. L. (1993).  Solving the Complete Model of the Law of Comparative Judgment, Presented at the Second International Conference on Ordinal Data Analysis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, October 14th - October 17th, 1993.

Balloun, J. L. (1992).  Expected Values of the Intermax Simple Structure Criterion for Random Correlation Matrices: A Monte Carlo Study.  Presented at the 1992 Southeast Decision Sciences Institute.  August, Savannah, Georgia.
Balloun, J. L. (1992).  An Empirical Comparison of Alternative Methods for Choosing the Number of Principal Components to Retain, Presented at the 1992 Southwest Decision Sciences Institute.  August, San Antonio.

Oumlil, A. B., Williams, A. J. & Balloun, J. L. (1991).  The Interaction between Consumers' Sentiments and the Economic Environment: A Longitudinal Study, Presented at the 1991 meeting of the Southern Marketing Association.  August, Atlanta, Georgia.

Balloun, J. L. (1991).  Latent Roots of Random Data Correlation Matrices by Minimum Residuals Factor Analysis: A Monte Carlo Study, Presented at the 1991 July, Decision Sciences Institute annual meeting in Miami Beach.

Balloun, J. L., Norton, S. D., Dunne, E. J. & Thornton, H. E. (1991).  Establishing and Measuring the Validity of a Rating System used for Promotion, Presented at the 1991 September meeting of the Midwest Management Society, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Robideaux, D. R., Jurkus, A. F., & Balloun, J. L. (1990).  Personal and Organizational Variables as Predictors of Unethical Behavior in Retail Organizations, Presented at the International Academy of Management and Marketing, Dallas, 1990, August.

Oumlil, A. B., Rao, C. P., & Balloun, J. L. (1988).  Relationship between Marketing and Economic Development in Developing Nations: A Review and Integration, Proceedings of the Second International conference on Marketing and Development, Karl Marx University, Budapest, Hungary, July10-13, 1988.

Oumlil, A. B. & Balloun, J. L. (1988).  The Importance of Level of Measurement in Marketing Research Presented at the Academy of Marketing Science, Quebec, April 27-May 1, 1988.

Norton, S. D. & Balloun, J. L. (1988).  Assumption of a Rectangular Predictor Distribution by the Uniform Guidelines and Affirmative Action Plans, Presented at the Association for Human Resources Management and Organizational Behavior, Long Beach, California, October 26-29, 1988.

Balloun, J. L. (1988).  Goal Oriented Training: A Prospectus. Presented at the International Council for Small Business, Boston, Massachusetts; June 9-11, 1988.
Balloun, J. L. & Scheidler, C. (1987).  Some Personality Correlates of Entrepreneurship, United States Association for Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 1987, Milwaukee, WI.

Balloun, J. L. & Thornton, H. E. (1987).  Softworks I: An Exercise in Supervisory Human Resources Management, Proceedings of the Eastern Academy of Management, 1987, 264.

Balloun, J. L. & Oumlil, A. B. (1986).  Statistical Tests for the Number of Factors and Simple Structure in Rotated Factor Matrices, Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings, Chicago, 1986, 410.
Oumlil, A. B., & Balloun, J. L. (1986).  The Interaction Between Consumers' Sentiments and Adaptive Shopping Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study, The Midwest Marketing Association Conference, 1986, Chicago, IL.

Oumlil, A. B., Balloun, J. L. & Rao, C. P. (1986).  Socio-Economic Correlates of Female Consumers' Adaptive Shopping Behavior. The Southwestern Marketing Association Conference Proceedings, 1986, 1-4.

Oumlil, A. B. & Balloun, J. L. (1985).  A Test of the Impact of the Correction for Attenuation on Attitudinal and Demographic Models of Consumer Adaptive Shopping Behavior: The Case of Consumer Panel Data, Southwestern Marketing Association Proceedings: Best Paper Award, 1985, 88-93.

Oumlil, A. B., Balloun, J. L. & Rao, C. P. (1985).  Attitudinal and Demographic Models of Consumer Adaptive Shopping Behavior: An Exploratory Study, Proceedings of the Southern Marketing Association, 1985, 42-45.

Balloun, J. L., Amsden, R. & Amsden, D. (1983).  Implementing Quality Circles: A Balanced Approach, Proceedings of the IAQC Conference, 1983, Memphis.

Balloun, J. L. (1979).  Some Monte Carlo Results with Robust Estimators of Scale and Location, Dayton Area American Statistical Association Meeting, Fall, 1979, Wright State University.

Balloun, J. L. & Vestewig, R. (1978).  An Investigation of Order Effects in the California Psychological Inventory, Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, 1978, Chicago.

Page, R. A., Balloun, J. L., & Melamed, L. (1978).  Employee Reactions to the Four Day WorkWeek: A Longitudinal Study, Proceedings of the Ohio Academy of Science, 1978, Dayton, Ohio.

Page, R. A., Pam Rector, & Balloun, J. L. (1977).  Attitudes Behavior Involving the Use of Energy for Home Heating, Environmental Design Research Association, Champaign, Illinois.

Balloun, J. L. (1972).  On the Use & Misuse of the Computer in Program Evaluation, Symposium of Evaluation Analysts, 1972, San Francisco.